Art and Holocaust Education

One of Seton Hill University’s strengths is its School of Visual and Performing Arts, which includes programs in the fine arts, music, dance and theatre. Over the years, the NCCHE has partnered with all of the above programs to educate both the region and the campus community about the Holocaust.


Typewriter Exhibit

Art Faculty Carol Brode and Pati Beachley along with Artist and then NCCHE Advisory Board Member Diane Samuels, who created a Holocaust memorial in Grafeneck, Germany, discussed creating a new memorial on campus, as “a way to make history visible.” But, they also wanted to “promote discussion about history, the present, an individual’s role in shaping the present and the future.” The result was The Question Mark/er Project. In spring 2009, NCCHE interns conducted brief presentations in several classes and collected questions about the Holocaust and genocide. Later that spring, Pati Beachley’s Advanced 3D Media Class created the interactive Typewriter Exhibit in response to the question “What is the Role of Good People in Difficult Times?” In 2010, Carol Brode created Phase Two of the project in response to the question “Will you speak if your voice is in the minority?” Her project consisted of a garden and etched glass panel installed outside the university’s Lynch Hall.

Banner Project

Banner Project

Four students in Sister Mary Kay Neff’s Graphic Design Class created Phase III as a series of banners in spring, 2012. The banners respond to these four questions: “Why do we love silently but hate openly?”—“What will it take for us to accept others despite our differences?”—“How can we build a better world?”—“How can we nourish altruism and caring in ourselves and others?” The banners won first prize for graphic design in Seton Hill’s Fall 2012 Student Show in Harlan Gallery and were displayed during The Ethel LeFrak Holocaust Education Conference, October 21-23.

Carol Brode also wrote in Learn. Teach. Prevent: Holocaust Education in the 21st Century:  “ We envision the project to be ever-expandable: it could occur year after year, accumulating numerous markers that each would ask a different question; the project markers could be literary- or performance-based as well as visual; and the openness of the project can be adapted to function in any community. The resulting memorials/markers could be created by an individual or group, artists or non-artists, children or adults, and could be permanent or temporary. It involves all of us in creating memorials that make history visible in a way that is meaningful in the present, and we welcome others to create their own Question Mark/er projects.”

Pati Beachley,, welcomes inquiries about the Question Mark/er Project.

The Question Marker Project

Perhaps the best example of a collaborative program with the Arts is the Question Mark/er Project, which began in 2009 and is ongoing. This project has produced a series of permanent art works around the campus, as well as banners crafted by graphic design students and an installation that is housed in the Center. These works have been created by Seton Hill art faculty and students in response to questions that members of the Seton Hill community have asked about the Holocaust -- questions such as “What is the role of good people in difficult times?” and “Why do we love silently, but hate openly?” The project has engaged the entire Seton Hill campus in asking questions, and in then “making history visible” by creating works of art around these questions. The Question Mark/er project has been supported by the Seton Hill arts faculty as well as by local artists such as Diane Samuels, who created a Holocaust memorial in Grafeneck, Germany, and is the co-founder of City of Asylum, an organization that provides sanctuary to artists fleeing persecution in their home countries.

​“The 1987 opening of the National Catholic Center for Holocaust Education (NCCHE) at Seton Hill University was marked by the planting and dedication of the Peace Tree on the campus, a symbolic presence of the work being done by the Center. As it grew, so did the work of educating about the Holocaust. However, in 2006 the Peace Tree was severely damaged by lightning, and subsequently removed. This unfortunate incident gave rise to The Question Mark/er Project, an ongoing effort at Seton Hill to integrate the arts, history, current events and the study of genocide in an interdisciplinary manner, and to again symbolize the presence of the NCCHE on Seton Hill’s campus.”​

- Carol R. Brode, “The Question Mark/er Project: A Case Study” in Learn. Teach. Prevent: Holocaust Education in the 21st Century edited by Carol Rittner, R.S.M. Published by Seton Hill University, 2010.



"Sara" was created by Seton Hill art student Erica Mudge in 2002 as a memorial to Sara Starkman, a Polish girl who died in Auschwitz at the age of 19, in 1942. The dresser is typical of the sort of furniture that a girl might have had in her room. But the artist has transformed this seemingly harmless, everyday object in order to tell the story of Sara's death. 

The shattered window represents the Nazi attack on Jews during Kristllnacht, the Night of Broken Glass. The matches on top of the dresser, along with the smoke stack, symbolize the ovens at Auschwitz. Inside the dresser, in the top drawer, are cuttings of hair (when prisoners arrived at Auschwitz, their heads were shaved). In another drawer, you find the blackened pages of a book, recalling the Nazi book burnings. And in the bottom drawer are bones made of clay that represent Sara's final remains.

The sculpture is interactive, designed to engage the viewer. The drawers can be opened, and a flashlight is provided to explore the hidden recesses of the cabinet. The piece is at once a memorial to a specific person and an educational work about the Holocaust. Through learning about Sara's story, viewers also learn, by implication, about the millions of other innocent victims, many of them young people, who were killed by the Nazis.