Foundations of Orthodontics (SOR 700)

This course provides an introduction and overview of the curriculum for the 30-month orthodontic program. Residents gain foundational knowledge and information and a working knowledge of orthodontics in order to engage in patient treatment. An eclectic overview of various topics which are addressed in other curriculum areas such as applied clinical orthodontics, growth and development, occlusion/function/TMD, and practice management. Summer. 2 credits.

2 Credits.

Pre-Clinical (SOR 706)

Provides the orthodontic residents the opportunity to perform some of the very same clinical procedures they will be performing on patients in a laboratory, simulated environment, including information and directions for patient record acquisition and retention. Pass/Fail only. Summer. 2 credits.

2 Credits.

Clinical 1 (SOR 707)

Includes the actual treatment of patients as well as the preclinical training that provides the knowledge, understanding, and skills necessary to render orthodontic patient care. Residents make initial patient records which include: taking bite registrations, making impressions for e-models, taking facial and intra-oral photographs, taking panoramic and cephalometric radiographs. They also perform orthodontic diagnoses and treatment plans, place separators, perform bondings/bandings, and at times place various orthopedic appliances. Pass/Fail only. Summer. 2 credits.

2 Credits.

Clinical 2 (SOR 708)

Residents are involved in many of the clinical procedures relevant for patients who are starting orthodontic treatment: initial records for assigned patients, finalize the treatment plans, place separators, bond/band, place initial archwires, and place orthopedic appliances when necessary. Residents continue procedures performed in SOR707, but with more opportunities for bracket placements, placing initial archwires, adjusting and placing wires beyond the initial level, and aligning wires. Pass/Fail only. Fall semester. 8 credits.

8 Credits.

Clinical 3 (SOR 710)

Clinical procedures are directed at patient management, orthopedic corrections, retooling and adjustment of archwires, mid-treatment records, updating medical histories, use of intra- and inter-arch elastics, space closure for extraction cases, and open and deep bite mechanics. Pass/Fail only. Spring semester. 8 credits.

8 Credits.

Biomechanics 1 (SOR 712)

This course includes several wire bending sessions in which residents are required to construct various arch wires that have specific clinical applications. The physical and chemical properties of biomaterials as well as the biomechanical principles utilized in contemporary orthodontics are explored. Fall semester. 0.5 credits.

1 Credit.

Applied Clinical Orthodontics 1 (SOR 713)

The frame of reference for this course is an Evidence-Based Clinical Practice (EBCP) perspective on various clinical topics in orthodontics. With EBCP described as the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values, EBPC is a synthesis of at least four factors: 1) scientific evidence; 2) patient preferences or values; 3) clinical/patient circumstances; and 4) experience and judgements. Some of the topics discussed in this course are: evidence based orthodontics, biomechanics, Rinchuse Dual slot system and the Bidimensional system, enhancement orthodontics, self-ligation, extraction v. nonextraction controversy, early treatment controversy, efficacy of functional appliances, timing of treatment, and psychosocial aspects of orthodontics. Fall semester. 1 credit.

1 Credit.

Applied Clinical Orthodontics 2 (SOR 714)

The frame of reference for this course is an Evidence-Based Clinical Practice (EBCP) perspective on various clinical topics in orthodontics. Some of the topics discussed in this course are: expansion, retention, stability, and relapse; aligners; oral hygiene; pharmacology and orthodontics such as analgesics, fluoride, bisphosphonates, potential endogenous and exogenous substances to enhance and retard tooth movement; pain and anxiety control; impacted teeth; and evidence-based efficacy in clinical orthodontic practice. Spring semester. 1 credit.

1 Credit.

Biomechanics 2 (SOR 715)

This course guides the residents' understanding of basic concepts and applications related to orthodontic force systems, provides the resident with foundational knowledge of biomechanical principles, and introduces their clinical applications and implications for treatment. The resident learns about the mechanics of various orthodontic force systems, how to design effective and efficient orthodontic appliances to treat different types of malocclusions, and how to successfully approach orthodontic treatment planning from the perspective of treatment mechanics. Prerequisite: SOR712. Spring semester. 0.5 credits.

1 Credit.

Treatment Planning (SOR 716)

The purpose of this seminar is to solicit peer and faculty recommendations for diagnosis and treatment plans for orthodontic cases. Diagnosis, problem list, ideal treatment plan, alternative treatment plan(s), and informed consent are discussed from an evidence-based clinical practice model. Summer, fall, and spring. Repeatable for credit. Variable credit. 0.5-1 credit.

5 Credits.

Special Topics in Orthodontics (SOR 722)

Special Topics in Orthodontics (STO) is an amalgamation of learning materials from outside speakers, conferences, AAO presentations that are not covered in the structured curriculum, or a reinforcement of previously covered topics from other educational media. Furthermore, this course considers learning materials that residents have been assigned or investigate on their own through electronic data base searches of "grey" areas via "hand" searches. Summer, fall, and spring. Repeatable for credit. Variable credit. 0.5-1 credit.

5 Credits.

Growth and Development 1 (SOR 728)

Focuses on the growth and development of craniofacial complex as well as somatic growth. Topics include: facial embryology and growth, craniofacial growth and orthodontics, growth modification, growth patterns, theories of craniofacial growth, craniofacial anomalies in growth and development, genetic influence on skeletal growth, growth of the cranial vault and base, and growth of the maxilla and mandible; timing of treatment; early treatment; and dento-facial orthopedics. Fall semester. 0.5 credits.

1 Credit.

Growth and Development 2 (SOR 730)

Focuses on theories of growth control, social and behavioral development, early stages of development, later stages of development, and craniofacial pathology. Residents also read and present articles on growth and development, the application of this unit to clinical orthodontics including timing of treatment, and the issue of early treatment. Spring semester. 0.5 credits.

1 Credit.

Occlusion, Function, TMD 1 (SOR 732)

An evidence-based approach to the most pertinent clinical issues related to occlusion/TMD. Consideration of such orthodontic related topics and issues as static occlusion, functional occlusion, and TMDs including introduction to TMD/orofacial pain, pathophysiology and diagnosis of TMD/orofacial pain, and static and functional anatomy of masticatory system. Fall semester. 0.5 credits.

1 Credit.

Occlusion, Function, TMD 2 (SOR 734)

An evidence-based approach to the consideration of such topics and issues as TMD (orofacial pain) management, TMD treatment modalities and splint theories, centric relation, and the evidence-based utilization of articulators as diagnostic in orthodontics. Spring semester. 0.5 credits.

1 Credit.

Research 1 (SOR 736)

The focus of this course is research design and methodology. Some of the course content is measures of central tendency; differences between descriptive and explanatory research; types of observational studies; RCTs; randomization and blinding, CONSTORT 2010; PRISMA; AMSTAR; electronic database searches; type I alpha and type II beta errors; probability and confidence intervals; T-tests; ANOVA; one-tailed v. two-tailed tests; parametric v. non parametric statistics; simple linear regression. Fall semester. 1 credit.

1 Credit.

Research 2 (SOR 738)

This course starts with the various components of a research paper: title page, abstract, key words, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusions, and references. However, the major emphasis is the preparation of an institutional review board (IRB) proposal that is presented to intern/resident peers for evaluation. Spring semester. 1 credit.

1 Credit.

Clinical 4 (SOR 806)

Having had one year’s experience working with orthodontic patients, residents receive transfer patients from third year residents. Transfer patients may be in various stages of their orthodontic treatment. Pass/Fail only. Summer. 8 credits.

8 Credits.

Clinical 5 (SOR 808)

The focus is the treatment and management of orthodontic patients who are approximately one year into their treatments. Residents are involved in mid-treatment mechanics, which includes the use of rectangular arch wires and adjustment wire bends. For extraction cases, extraction spaces should be at least half way closed. Pass/Fail only. Fall semester. 8 credits.

8 Credits.

Clinical 6 (SOR 810)

Resident case treatments are focused on mid and final stage treatment procedures including placing rectangular wires, finishing wires, end of space closure for extraction cases, case completions, debonding/debanding, final records, and fabrication and placement of retainers. Pass/Fail only. Spring semester. 8 credits.

8 Credits.

Applied Clinical Orthodontics 3 (SOR 812)

Clinical issues and controversies in orthodontics are presented from an evidence-based perspective. Residents are required to do a review of literature on an assigned topic, write a paper, and present it to the group via PowerPoint. Residents are also required to participate in group discussions, challenging and questioning the reliability and validity of the information presented. Summer. 1 credit.

1 Credit.

Practice Management 1 (SOR 828)

This course enables residents to appreciate and comprehend the complexity of the future environment in which they will practice. Major areas of emphasis are the discussion of solo practice vs associateships, practice acquisition, valuation of an orthodontic practice, doctor-patient relationships, marketing strategies, employee vs independent contractor status, office management, office finances, office staffing, and OSHA, EPA, and DER regulations. Fall semester. 1 credit.

1 Credit.

Practice Management 2 (SOR 830)

Major areas of emphasis are: leadership in orthodontic practice, collections, purchasing a practice, practice transition, personal financial management, retirement planning, ethics, and risk management/ jurisprudence as it relates to orthodontic practice. Ethical terminology, principles, and issues are presented and debated. Various case scenarios from the literature regarding orthodontic practice are discussed and ethical solutions proposed. Spring semester. 1 credit.

1 Credit.

Research 3 (SOR 836)

Residents focus on selecting a research topic, refining the research topic into a research hypothesis/question, and having it approved by their research advisor. Summer. 1 credit.

1 Credit.

Research 4 (SOR 838)

Residents complete the writing of the literature review and methodology sections of their research project. By the end of this course, residents should have the methodology/protocol approved by their research advisor and start data collection. Fall semester. 2 credits.

2 Credits.

Research 5 (SOR 840)

Residents work independently with their research advisor(s) to complete data collection, data analyses, and writing of the results section of the project manuscript. Spring semester. 2 credits.

2 Credits.

Clinical 7 (SOR 906)

Third-year residents transfer all cases that they will not complete to the second year residents. The focus of the patient treatments is on the finishing stages of orthodontics which include finishing wires, finishing biomechanics, finishing elastics, debond/debanding, making and placing retainers, finishing records, and case completion work-ups. Pass/Fail only. Summer. 8 credits.

8 Credits.

Clinical 8 (SOR 908)

Residents complete all cases except those which were transferred to second-year residents. The clinical emphasis is on debonding, taking final records, placing retainers, and managing some retention patients. Residents are required to do a formal case completion work-up for 30 finished cases and have a sign-out for each case by the attending faculty. Pass/Fail only. Fall semester. 8 credits.

8 Credits.

Research 6 (SOR 936)

Residents work independently with their reseach advisor(s) to prepare the discussion and summary/conclusion sections of their research project. Summer. 2 credits.

2 Credits.

Research 7 (SOR 938)

The residents have completed their required research project and now have the responsibility of completing the writing stage of the research project. The residents prepare the final draft of their research projects for submission to a professional journal. Fall semester. 2 credits.

2 Credits.

View courses and full requirements for this program in the current course catalog.

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