Below are all of the courses you have to choose from in this academic major. Some are required while others are electives. Please view the course catalog to see what is required to earn a degree in this major.
Foundations of Orthodontics (SOR 700)
This course provides an introduction and overview of the curriculum for the 30-month orthodontic program. Residents gain foundational knowledge and information and a working knowledge of orthodontics in order to engage in patient treatment. An eclectic overview of various topics which are addressed in other curriculum areas such as applied clinical orthodontics, growth and development, occlusion/function/TMD, and practice management. Summer. 2 credits.
Pre-Clinical (SOR 706)
Provides the orthodontic residents the opportunity to perform some of the very same clinical procedures they will be performing on patients in a laboratory, simulated environment, including information and directions for patient record acquisition and retention. Pass/Fail only. Summer. 2 credits.
Clinical 1 (SOR 707)
Includes the actual treatment of patients as well as the preclinical training that provides the knowledge, understanding, and skills necessary to render orthodontic patient care. Residents make initial patient records which include: taking bite registrations, making impressions for e-models, taking facial and intra-oral photographs, taking panoramic and cephalometric radiographs. They also perform orthodontic diagnoses and treatment plans, place separators, perform bondings/bandings, and at times place various orthopedic appliances. Pass/Fail only. Summer. 2 credits.
Clinical 2 (SOR 708)
Residents are involved in many of the clinical procedures relevant for patients who are starting orthodontic treatment: initial records for assigned patients, finalize the treatment plans, place separators, bond/band, place initial archwires, and place orthopedic appliances when necessary. Residents continue procedures performed in SOR707, but with more opportunities for bracket placements, placing initial archwires, adjusting and placing wires beyond the initial level, and aligning wires. Pass/Fail only. Fall semester. 8 credits.
Clinical 3 (SOR 710)
Clinical procedures are directed at patient management, orthopedic corrections, retooling and adjustment of archwires, mid-treatment records, updating medical histories, use of intra- and inter-arch elastics, space closure for extraction cases, and open and deep bite mechanics. Pass/Fail only. Spring semester. 8 credits.
Biomechanics 1 (SOR 712)
This course is designed for post-doctoral orthodontic residents to justify efficient and effective clinical application of biomechanics in orthodontics. This course starts off with a discussion of, why we need biomechanics in orthodontics? This course employs PowerPoint presentations, reading materials, and analysis of topics such as concurrent forces: fields of mechanics, characteristic of a force, force magnitude, force direction and sense, resultants. Nonconcurrent forces systems and forces on a free body are then reviewed: magnitude and direction of the resultant, moments and couples, determining the point of force application of resultants. These topics are discussed in juxtaposition to clinical applications such as headgear, maxilla-mandibular elastics, deep-bite correction. Fall semester. 0.5 credits.
Applied Clinical Orthodontics 1 (SOR 713)
The frame of reference for this course is an Evidence-Based Clinical Practice (EBCP) perspective on various clinical topics in orthodontics. With EBCP described as the integration of the best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values, EBPC is a synthesis of at least four factors: 1) scientific evidence; 2) patient preferences or values; 3) clinical/patient circumstances, and 4) experience and judgements. Some of the topics discussed in this course are: evidence-based orthodontics, biomechanics, Rinchuse Dual slot system and the Bidimensional system, enhancement orthodontics, self-ligation, extraction v. nonextraction controversy, early treatment controversy, the efficacy of functional appliances, timing of treatment, psychosocial aspects of orthodontics, and evidence-based efficacy in clinical orthodontic practice. Fall semester. 1 credit.
Applied Clinical Orthodontics 2 (SOR 714)
The frame of reference for this course is an Evidence-Based Clinical Practice (EBCP) perspective on various clinical topics in orthodontics. Some of the topics discussed in this course are expansion; retention, stability, and relapse; impacted teeth; oral hygiene; management of pain and anxiety from a non-pharmacology and pharmacology perspective relating to orthodontics such as analgesics, fluorides, bisphosphonates, potential endogenous and exogenous substances to enhance and retard tooth movement. Spring semester. 1 credit.
Biomechanics 2 (SOR 715)
As Biomechanics 1 SOR 712 is a prerequisite, this course is a continuation. In this course, post-doctoral orthodontics residents will discuss equilibrium, which is based on Newton’s First Law, as it relates to orthodontic biomechanics. Topics discussed with clinical application and case scenarios are the biomechanics of tooth movement, orthodontics anchorage, stress, strain, and the biologic response, forces from wires and brackets, Burstone’s six bracket geometries, the role of friction in orthodontic appliances. A synthesis of the biomechanical principles learned in these courses are applied for the solutions of common clinical problems encountered in orthodontics. Prerequisite: SOR712. Spring semester. 0.5 credits.
Treatment Planning (SOR 716)
The purpose of this seminar is to solicit peer and faculty recommendations for diagnosis and treatment plans for orthodontic cases. Diagnosis, problem list, ideal treatment plan, alternative treatment plan(s), and informed consent are discussed from an evidence-based clinical practice model. Summer, fall, and spring. Repeatable for credit. Variable credit. 0.5-1 credit.
Special Topics in Orthodontics (SOR 722)
Special Topics in Orthodontics (STO) is an amalgamation of learning materials from outside speakers, conferences, AAO presentations that are not covered in the structured curriculum, or a reinforcement of previously covered topics from other educational media. Furthermore, this course considers learning materials that residents have been assigned or investigate on their own through electronic database searches of grey areas via "hand" searches. Summer, fall, and spring. Repeatable for credit. Variable credit. 0.5-1 credit.
Growth and Development 1 (SOR 728)
Focuses on the growth and development of craniofacial complex as well as somatic growth. Topics include: facial embryology and growth, craniofacial growth and orthodontics, growth modification, growth patterns, theories of craniofacial growth, craniofacial anomalies in growth and development, genetic influence on skeletal growth, growth of the cranial vault and base, and growth of the maxilla and mandible; timing of treatment; early treatment; and dento-facial orthopedics. Fall semester. 0.5 credits.
Growth and Development 2 (SOR 730)
Focuses on theories of growth control, social and behavioral development, early stages of development, later stages of development, and craniofacial pathology. Residents also read and present articles on growth and development, the application of this unit to clinical orthodontics including timing of treatment, and the issue of early treatment. Spring semester. 0.5 credits.
Occlusion, Function, TMD 1 (SOR 732)
An evidence-based approach to the most pertinent clinical issues related to occlusion/TMD. Consideration of such orthodontic related topics and issues as static occlusion, functional occlusion, and TMDs including introduction to TMD/orofacial pain, pathophysiology and diagnosis of TMD/orofacial pain, and static and functional anatomy of masticatory system. Fall semester. 0.5 credits.
Occlusion, Function, TMD 2 (SOR 734)
An evidence-based approach to the consideration of such topics and controversies as TMD (Orofacial pain) management, TMD treatment modalities and splint theories, centric relation, and the utilization of articulators as diagnostic in orthodontics. Spring semester. 0.5 credits.
Research 1 (SOR 736)
The focus of this course is research design and methodology. Some of the course content is measures of central tendency; differences between descriptive and explanatory research; types of observational studies; RCTs; randomization and blinding, CONSTORT 2010; PRISMA; AMSTAR; electronic database searches; type I alpha and type II beta errors; probability and confidence intervals; T-tests; ANOVA; one-tailed v. two-tailed tests; parametric v. non parametric statistics; simple linear regression. Fall semester. 1 credit.
Research 2 (SOR 738)
This course starts with the various components of a research paper; title page, abstract, keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusions, and references. However, the major emphasis is the preparation of an institutional review board (IRB) proposal that is presented to peers and instructor for evaluation. Spring semester. 1 credit.
Clinical 4 (SOR 806)
Having had one year’s experience working with orthodontic patients, residents receive transfer patients from third year residents. Transfer patients may be in various stages of their orthodontic treatment. Pass/Fail only. Summer. 8 credits.
Clinical 5 (SOR 808)
The focus is the treatment and management of orthodontic patients who are approximately one year into their treatments. Residents are involved in mid-treatment mechanics, which includes the use of rectangular archwires and adjustment wire bends. Achievement of canine and molar relations, and management of space closure. Pass/Fail only. Fall semester. 8 credits.
Clinical 6 (SOR 810)
Resident case treatments are focused on mid and final stage treatment procedures including placing rectangular wires, finishing wires, end of space closure for extraction cases, case completions, debonding/debanding, final records, and fabrication and placement of retainers. Pass/Fail only. Spring semester. 8 credits.
Applied Clinical Orthodontics 3 (SOR 812)
Clinical issues and controversies in orthodontics are presented from an evidence-based perspective. Residents are required to do a review of the literature on an assigned topic, write a paper, and present it to the group via PowerPoint. Residents are also required to participate in group discussions, challenging and questioning the quality of evidence, reliability and validity of the information presented. Summer. 1 credit.
Practice Management 1 (SOR 828)
This course enables residents to appreciate and comprehend the complexity of the future environment in which they will practice. Major areas of emphasis are the discussion of solo practice vs associateships, practice acquisition, valuation of an orthodontic practice, doctor-patient relationships, marketing strategies, employee vs independent contractor status, office management, office finances, office staffing, and OSHA, EPA, and DER regulations. Fall semester. 1 credit.
Practice Management 2 (SOR 830)
Major areas of emphasis are: leadership in orthodontic practice, collections, purchasing a practice, practice transition, personal financial management, retirement planning, ethics, and risk management/ jurisprudence as it relates to orthodontic practice. Ethical terminology, principles, and issues are presented and debated. Various case scenarios from the literature regarding orthodontic practice are discussed and ethical solutions proposed. Spring semester. 1 credit.
Research 3 (SOR 836)
Residents focus on selecting a research topic, refining the research topic into a research hypothesis/question, and having it approved by their research advisor. Summer. 1 credit.
Research 4 (SOR 838)
Residents complete the writing of the literature review and methodology sections of their research project. By the end of this course, residents should have the methodology/protocol approved by their research advisor and start data collection. Fall semester. 2 credits.
Research 5 (SOR 840)
Residents work independently with their research advisor(s) to complete data collection, data analyses, and writing of the results section of the project manuscript. Spring semester. 2 credits.
Clinical 7 (SOR 906)
Third-year residents transfer all cases that they will not complete to the second year residents. The focus of the patient treatments is on the finishing stages of orthodontics which include finishing wires, finishing biomechanics, finishing elastics, debond/debanding, making and placing retainers, finishing records, and case completion work-ups. Pass/Fail only. Summer. 8 credits.
Clinical 8 (SOR 908)
Residents complete all cases except those which were transferred to second-year residents. The clinical emphasis is on debonding, taking final records, placing retainers, and managing some retention patients. Residents are required to do a formal case completion work-up for 30 finished cases and have a sign-out for each case by the attending faculty. Pass/Fail only. Fall semester. 8 credits.
Research 6 (SOR 936)
Residents work independently with their research advisor(s) to prepare the discussion and summary/conclusion sections of their research project. Summer. 2 credits.
Research 7 (SOR 938)
The residents have completed their required research project and now have the responsibility of completing the writing stage of the research project. The residents prepare the final draft of their research projects for submission to a professional journal. Fall semester. 2 credits.